MENYA BIMWE MU BINTU 26 BYARANZE PEREZIDA WA MBERE WA KENYA “JOMO KENYATTA”

Jomo Kenyatta ni Umugabo w’umunyakenya wavukiye muri Kenya, yarwanyije ubutegetsi bwaba koloni ba bongereza bari barigaruriye ubutaka bwa Kenya, yaharaniye ubwigenge bw’abanyakenya ndetse abugeraho mu mwaka wa  1963.  Nyuma y’umwaka wa 1964  yabaye perezida wa mbere wa Kenya.

1. Jomo Kenyatta ni Umukikuyu, akivuka yahawe izina rya Kamau, yavukiye mu gace kicyaro kitwaga Nginda, babaga hafi y’umugezi wa Thiririka.

2. Igihe yavukiye amatariki ntago azwi neza, bamwe bavuga ko yavutse 1894 (britanica) naho abandi bakavuga ko yavutse 1897(wikpedia).

3. Jomo Kenyatta Ise yitwaga Muigai nyina yitwaga Wambui.

4. Nyina Wambui yabyaye undi mwana ukurikira Kenyatta witwaga “Kongo” mbere ho gato ko Ise Muigai apfa.

5. Kugirango basigasire umuco waba Kikuyu,Wambui yahise ashyingiranywa  n’umuvandimwe w’umugabo we wapfuye Witwaga “Ngengi” n’uko Kenyatta ahita yitwa “ Kamau wa Ngengi”

6. Ugushyingo 1909 yabaye umunyeshuri Muri CSM(Church of Scotland Mission) ahitwa Thogoto.

7. Kenyatta yagumye mu ishuri rito ry’abongereza aho yigaga inkuru zo muri bibiriya , yiga gusoma no kwandika mu rurimi rw’icyongereza, Imibare ndetse n’ububaji.

8. Mu mwaka wa 1912 yize ibijyanye n’ububaji aba umunyeshuri mwiza.

9. Muri Nyakanga, 1914 yarabatijwe , yitwa Johnstone Kamau ;ninyuma yuko abamisiyoneri bamuhatiye gutoranya Izina rimwe ry’irikirisitu hagati ya Peter na John. Nyuma yuko abatijwe yahise ava muri iryo shuri ry’abamisiyoneri ajya kubana n’inshuti ze.

10. Jomo Kenyatta yakoze akazi gatandukanye harimo ako mu biro akorera ubutegetsi bwariho icyo gihe  muri Kenya, ninaho yaje kwiyita Kenyatta; Kenyatta mu mvugo ya Kikuyu risobanura “Umukandara w’amasaro ya Massai” .

11. Kenyatta yashakanye n’abagore 4 harimo Ngina Kenyata Nyina wa Uhuru Kenyatta.

12. Jomo Kenyatta yabyaye abana 8 ku bagore 4 harimo Uhuru Kenyatta perezida wa Kenya ubungubu.   

13. Muri Gicurasi 1928 , Ihuriro ry’abakikuyu ryitwaga (KCA) Kikuyu Central Association ryashyize hanze ikinyamakuru cyari kiri mu rurimi rw’igikuyu cyitwaga Mwigithania ujyenekereje mu kinyarwanda ni “Abiyunze” intego yacyo yari gufasha abakikuyu kwishyira hamwe ndetse no gushakira inkunga KCA, Kenyata yahise ashyirwa ku rutonde rw’abayobozi bicyo kinyamakuru.(Publication ‘s editor).

14. Muri Gashyantare 1929 Kenyatta yavuye Mombasa yerekeza mu Bwongereza, ni nyuma yuko KCA ibonye inkunga ihangije. Aho niho yahuriye na Mohandas Gandhi waharaniye ubwingenge bwa bahinde.

15. Hagati 1935 ndetse 1937 yakoze muri kaminuza yo mu bwogereza yitwaga University College of London (UCL). Yahise aniyandikisha muri iyo kaminuza yiga ururimi rw’icyongereza. Nyuma yaje gukomeza kwiga amasomo ajyanye n’ubumenyamuntu(Anthoropology) mu ishuri bitaga London School of Economics(LSE).

16. Mu mwaka wa 1946 Kenyatta yagarutse muri kenya ni nyuma yuko Abongereza batsinze intambara ya 2 y’isi yose.

17. Mu mwaka wa 1947 yatorewe kuyobora ishyaka rya Kenya African Union (KAU).

18. Tariki ya 21 ukwakira 1952 Kenyatta yarafuzwe, bamuregaga kuyobora imyigaragambyo yaba Mau Mau bari bakoze bamagana abakoloni babongereza kuko bikubiye ubutaka bwabo.

19. Muri Mata 1953 Kenyatta bamukatiye igifungo cy’imyaka 7 muri gereza bamushinja kuyobora iyo myigaragambyo.

20. Muri Kanama 1961 Kenyatta yaje kurekurwa ava muri gereza, akimara kurekurwa yahise yumvikana n’abakoloni babongereza uko bahindura itegekoshinga ,ndetse ibyo biganiro nibyo byaje kugeza Kenya ku bwingenge.

21. Muri Gicurasi 1963 ishyaka ryitwaga Kenya African Natinal Union (KANU) ryaje gutsinda amatora( kandi icyo gihe Jomo Kenyatta niwe wari perezida waryo  ) bahita bashyiraho guverinoma yagateganyo muri Kenya.

22. Tariki 12 Ukuboza 1963 Kenya yabonye ubwingenge ibukuye kuba koroni ba bongereza. Kenyatta yahise aba Minisitiri w’intebe.

23. Jomo Kenyatta yabaye perezida wa mbere wa Kenya guhera 1964 kugeza 1978.

24. Jomo Kenyatta (Jomo bivuga icumu ribengerana naho Kenyatta bivuga umukandara w’amasaro ya Massai).

25. Jomo Kenyatta yitwaga kandi Mwalimu, Umusaza , Ise w’igihugu(Father of the Nation) kandi bakanamwita Umwubatsi w’ahera hasenyutse.

26. Tariki ya 22 Kanama 1978 Jomo Kenyatta yaratabarutse azize indwara y’umutima, apfira I Mombasa. 

IMVANO YIFOTO N’INKURU : Internet

Writter:   UDAHEMUKA  Jean de Dieu

 

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